Education

The Indian constitution supports the right of universal education until age 14 and has had a long-standing goal of free and compulsory education for all children between the ages of six and 14. However, India has not been able to achieve this goal.

The Indian educational system is the second largest in the world after China. In 2001-02, there were nearly 0.66 million primary schools in India. However, despite the strong constitutional backing for the provision of primary education in India and its expansion over time, the system is characterized by low achievements. Huge gaps remain between rural and urban areas, and the probability of getting any education at all sharply depends on gender, caste and income. Of the 200 million children in the age group 6-14, it is estimated that 59 million are out of school. Of these, 35 million are girls and 24 million are boys.

The education infrastructure are quite poor even as the government is the largest provider of education in India with only about 10% of primary schools owned by the private sector. The quality of education provided by the public education system is low, too. Moreover, there is a lot of ‘waste’ in the educational system with dropout rates as high as 40% for the country as a whole and in some Indian states they are as high as 75%.

Though the number of primary schools in the country increased, more than 100,000 habitations still do not have access to a primary school within a distance of one kilometer. Teacher-pupil ratios are inadequate: less than 2 teachers are available in rural areas to teach a class size of around 100 students.

Poverty is another issue which complication the issue, with more than 250 million people in India living on less than a $1 a day. Although education is provided ‘free’ by the government, the cost of uniforms, textbooks and transportation costs are beyond the reach of many households. Coupled with poverty, the poor do not have the opportunity to send their children to school, as they consider them to be breadwinners from a very early age. Child labour is widely prevalent, with many children forced to work in order to supplement a meager family income and therefore do not attend school.

HOPE worldwide has opened nursery and primary schools, non-formal schools, education and tuition centres in some of the most inadequate and deprived localities. These schools aim to provide free education to the children affected by poverty, calamity or child labour. We also aim to provide quality education coupled with the all-round development of the children.

 

 

 

 

 

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